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SPM 101: Sport Management: Citations

Finding scholarly articles


Citing your sources is important because:

  • It shows you've done research by looking up scholarly resources
  • It allows others to look up the sources you used to find the information
  • It prevents you from being accused of plagiarism 

Citations may look different depending on what style is used, but they contain the same information. The standard elements include:

  • Author name(s)
  • Title (of book or article and journal)
  • Date of publication
  • Page numbers

What information comprises a citation?

When you are required to submit a citation for a source that you are using, regardless of the type of material it is, you must provide all the data that would allow your reader to find that source for him/herself. In the case of a journal article, the necessary information includes the title of the article, its author or authors (editors, compilers, etc), the title of the journal, volume number, issue, date, and pages. In the case of electronic access to the journal, some style sheets demand the date of online access to the journal.

Here is an example of a citation accessed through a database in APA style:

Goldschmidt, A. B., Wall, M. M., Zhang, J., Loth, K. A., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2016). Overeating and binge eating in emerging adulthood: 10-year stability and risk factors. Developmental Psychology, 52(3), 475-483. doi:10.1037/dev0000086

*Digital object identifier


Helpful Links on APA Style

Citation Generator


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